댓글 0건 조회 3,562회 작성일 14-08-08 00:04
If you wish to restrict access to portions of your site based on the host address of your visitors, this is most easily done using
Require provides a variety of different ways to allow or deny access to resources. In conjunction with the
RequireNonedirectives, these requirements may be combined in arbitrarily complex ways, to enforce whatever your access policy happens to be.
The usage of these directives is:
Require host address Require ip ip.address
In the first form, address is a fully qualified domain name (or a partial domain name); you may provide multiple addresses or domain names, if desired.
In the second form, ip.address is an IP address, a partial IP address, a network/netmask pair, or a network/nnn CIDR specification. Either IPv4 or IPv6 addresses may be used.
See the mod_authz_host documentation for further examples of this syntax.
You can insert
not to negate a particular requirement. Note, that since a
not is a negation of a value, it cannot be used by itself to allow or deny a request, as not truedoes not constitute false. Thus, to deny a visit using a negation, the block must have one element that evaluates as true or false. For example, if you have someone spamming your message board, and you want to keep them out, you could do the following:
<RequireAll> Require all granted Require not ip 10.252.46.165 </RequireAll>
Visitors coming from that address (
10.252.46.165) will not be able to see the content covered by this directive. If, instead, you have a machine name, rather than an IP address, you can use that.
Require not host host.example.com
And, if you'd like to block access from an entire domain, you can specify just part of an address or domain name:
Require not ip 192.168.205 Require not host phishers.example.com moreidiots.example Require not host gov
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